Effect of the 4 Realms of Tourism Experience

Effect of the 4 Realms of Tourism Experience

To fulfill the demands of affluent and intelligent clients wanting unforgettable experiences, the hospitality and tourist businesses must reinvent and reposition their offerings. For the effective redesign, a greater knowledge of the nature of the travel experience is required. This research looks at the 4 realms of tourism experience theories as a framework for studying tourism experiences. When evaluated on actual visitor involvement in events, the four proposed worlds appear to exist, although engagement in one realm does not exclude participation in another. Let’s follow us right now!


Technological advancements and an increasingly smart, affluent, and demanding customer have increased market pressures on the hospitality and tourist industries, necessitating a move away from a concentration on buildings and services and toward a focus on creating tailored experiences. This transformation necessitates adjustments in operating procedures as well as marketing tactics for tourism locations, hospitality goods, and experiences (Erdly & Kesterson-Townes, 2003).
4 Realms of Tourism Experience
4 Realms of Tourism Experience
Several European towns, for example, have repackaged their tourist attractions as experiences, resulting in a differentiated offering with more economic value (Oh, Fiore & Jeoung2007; Richards, 2001; Tsaur, et al., 2006). To fulfill the shifting market needs, tourism businesses must offer tailored experiences that engage clients in experiences and activities.
Pine and Gilmore (1999) provided a framework for analyzing and assessing experiential spending that has theory and practice importance to the tourist sector because experiences are the primary product. Consumers are motivated to buy items and services because they anticipate an enjoyable and memorable experience (Tsaur, Chiu, & Wang, 2006).
While travelers create their own distinct experiences, the business contributes to those encounters (Anderson, 2007). Consumers are prepared to pay a premium for memorable, high-quality experiences that alter them. As a result, in the twenty-first century, knowing the nature of tourist experiences is important to the financial success of hotel and travel products and services.
The basic characteristics of tourist experiences have been classified into four categories: education, aesthetics, escapism, and entertainment (Gilmore and Pine 2002; Stramboulis and Skayannis 2003). Although these proposed domains have obvious conceptual and practical significance to the tourist sector, empirical proof of their validity is limited.

4 Realms of Tourism Experience

Education experience

Consumers absorb events via active engagement in educational encounters (Pine & Gilmore, 2011). Pop-up stores are an excellent opportunity for customers to learn about a brand and try items, as free samples and services are frequently provided (Alexander et al., 2018; Taube & Warnaby, 2017). Encouraging consumers to sample or test items raises brand awareness and highlights the company’s distinctive traits (Surchi, 2011).
Education experience - 4 realms of tourism experience
Education experience – 4 realms of tourism experience
Allowing customers to co-create and participate in the popup experience will allow them to enjoy educational experiences that include learning and a genuine relationship with the business (Kim et al., 2007). Consumers are more inclined to return and frequent pop-up stores if they are actively involved and growing their skills and knowledge.

Esthetic experience

Consumers are absorbed in the surroundings but do not participate in them during esthetic experiences (Pine & Gilmore, 2011). Pop-up store interior design, store exterior design, and atmospherics are critical “to provide the buyer an immersive experience” (PicotCoupey, 2014:655). Pop-up stores, in particular, may provide customers with an aesthetic experience since they are filled with immersive elements such as distinctive and interesting stores and ambiance (Jeong, Fiore, Niehm & Lorenz, 2009; Kim et al., 2007).

According to Retief (2012), the outside design of pop-up shops influences consumer intent to visit them. Esthetic experiences provided by the physical environment might also impact consumers’ desire to patronize retailers (Sadachar & Fiore, 2018), demonstrating a link between the esthetic sense of a pop-up setting & intent to patronize the store.

Escapist experience

Escapist experiences are the contrary to entertaining experiences in that they require complete immersion and active engagement in activities (Pine & Gilmore, 2011). According to Fiore and Ogle (2000:40), retail spaces provide customers with an “alternative existence.” The pop-up shop may transport people to another universe and help them to avoid reality (Kim et al., 2007).

Consumers are attracted in by the show, as the excitement and novelty created by pop-up businesses allow them to escape reality (De Lassus & Anido Freire, 2014). Many customers desire shopping experiences that give an escape from the humdrum, and going to stores allows them to “search, stalk, chase down, touch, feel, and engage with things that could fit into their life” (Valas, 2004: 26).

This sort of encounter provides hedonic value to otherwise utilitarian purchasing and assists in distinguishing one brand name from the other (Klein, Falk, Esch & Gloukhovtsev, 2016; Ryu, 2011). Escapist experiences (e.g., adventure, fantasy, fun, surprise) built into pop-up retail satisfy customers’ hedonistic requirements and have also been favorably connected with people patronizing pop-up stores.

Entertainment experience

Entertainment experience - 4 Realms of Tourism Experience
Entertainment experience – 4 Realms of Tourism Experience

Consumers participate passively and are captivated by their senses in entertainment events (Pine & Gilmore, 2011). Consumers are increasingly seeking enjoyable shopping experiences in order to feel fulfilled (Schmitt, 1999). Entertainment is an excellent method to create a memorable customer experience and allows merchants to distinguish their pop-up store surroundings by incorporating live performers, interactive activities, or unusual scenery (Kim et al., 2007).

According to Picot-Coupey (2014:656), pop-up merchants frequently employ “events involving artists and community organizations as a technique of generating long-lasting memories.” Pop-up stores have efficiently met consumers’ entertainment needs by incorporating engaging aspects such as fun activities, thrilling events, and a festive ambiance (Pomodoro, 2013; Taube & Warnaby, 2017).

The consumer’s emotional connection to entertainment might be long-lasting (Pine & Gilmore, 2011). When customers are immersed in an experience and love it, they are more inclined to return for more & continue to support the shop.


The findings of this study lend credence to the “4 Realms of Tourism Experience” hypothesis by indicating that the underlying aspects of visitor engagement in certain activities may be classified as entertainment, education, escapism, and esthetics. This organizational system may be used by destination marketing (DMOs), tour companies, travel planners, and researchers to examine the balance of events in current offers. The study may give data that reveals advantages and disadvantages in each of the domains, influencing marketing strategy.

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